BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF Corynespora cassicola AND Drechslera tritici-repentis

Visualizações: 215

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32404/rean.v9i4.7111

Keywords:

Pseudomonas fluorencens, Pantoea aglomerans, Bacillus sp., Mycelial growth inhibition

Abstract

Chemical control is the most widely used method for disease management in significant crops such as soybeans and wheat. However, for a few years biological control has gained prominence. Thus, we evaluated the antagonism of bacteria Pseudomonas fluorencens, Pantoea aglomerans, and Bacillus sp. on the phytopathogens Corynespora cassiicola and Drechslera tritici-repentis, previously isolated from soybean and wheat leaves, respectively. The experiments were carried out under controlled conditions at the Phytobacteriology Laboratory of the Faculty of Agronomy and Veterinary Medicine (FAVM), University of Passo Fundo (UPF), Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The treatments were: T1: P. Fluorencens + pathogen; T2: P. aglomerans + pathogen; T3: Bacillus spp. + pathogen, and T4: pathogen (control). In each experiment (C. cassiicola and D. tritici-repentis), a completely randomized design with six replications was used. The data were submitted to linear regression analysis, obtaining the daily increase rate (slope). The final time data was submitted to the ANOVA, and the means were compared by the Tukey test (P < 0.05). P. fluorescens, P. agglomerans, and Bacillus sp. reduced mycelial growth by 74 and 87% of C. cassiicola and D. tritici-repentis, respectively. Although this study was carried out under in vitro conditions, it can serve as a basis for other biological control studies, especially about the management of leaf spots caused by C. cassiicola and D. tritici-repentis, under field conditions.

Author Biographies

Aveline Avozani, Universidade de Passo Fundo

Universidade de Passo Fundo, Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

Andréia Iraci Tumelero, Universidade de Passo Fundo

Universidade de Passo Fundo, Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

Rosane Baldiga Tonin , Universidade de Passo Fundo

Universidade de Passo Fundo, Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

Norimar Denardin, Universidade de Passo Fundo

Universidade de Passo Fundo, Faculdade de Agronomia e Medicina Veterinária, Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

Abimael Gomes Silva, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho"

Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", Campus de Ilha Solteira, Ilha Solteira, São Paulo, Brasil.

Felipe Rafael Garcés-Fiallos, Technical University of Manabí

Technical University of Manabí, Experimental Campus La Teodomira, Faculty of Agronomic Engineering, Laboratory of Phytopathology,  Santa Ana, Ecuador.

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Published

2023-02-02

How to Cite

Avozani, A., Tumelero, A. I., Baldiga Tonin , R., Denardin, N., Gomes Silva, A., & Garcés-Fiallos, F. R. (2023). BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF Corynespora cassicola AND Drechslera tritici-repentis. REVISTA DE AGRICULTURA NEOTROPICAL, 9(4), e7111. https://doi.org/10.32404/rean.v9i4.7111

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