GROWTH AND YIELD OF BRAZILIAN SPINACH UNDER DIFFERENT SHADING INTENSITIES AND HARVESTING PERIODS IN A TROPICAL LOWLAND URBAN ECOSYSTEM

Visualizações: 70

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32404/rean.v11i2.8464

Keywords:

Harvest time, Leafy green, Vegetables, Plant acclimatization, Solar irradiation

Abstract

Brazilian spinach (Alternanthera sissoo) is a less prominent perennial leafy vegetable growing in the tropical ecosystem. Therefore, this research aimed to investigate the effects of different shading intensities and harvesting periods on the growth and yield of Brazilian spinach in a tropical lowland urban ecosystem. The investigation used a split-plot design, with different shading intensities (no-shading, 45%, 55%, and 80% shading) as the main plot and harvesting periods (every 2, 3, and 4 weeks) as the subplot. The results showed that Brazilian spinach growth was significantly enhanced under no-shading conditions compared to shading treatments. Furthermore, 80% shading negatively impacted plant growth during early stages, as evidenced by alterations in parameters including canopy area (26.47 cm2), diameter (7.98 cm), and index (0.52), as well as Soil Plant Analysis Development (SPAD) values. This led to reduced branch elongation, marketable yield (14.76 g), and non-marketable yield (4.68), along with a decreased dry weight of stems (0.25 g), branches (0.40 g), leaves (0.85 g), and roots (0.44 g). However, marketable leaves from unshaded plants had higher carbon content (34.64%) and lower nitrogen content (2.83%). More frequent harvesting every 2 weeks elevated marketable yield (67.22 g) but suppressed the growth of stems (1.05 g), branches (4.39 g), and roots (1.73 g). Based on these observations, the cultivation of Brazilian spinach in unshaded areas with a biweekly harvesting routine was recommended

Author Biographies

Strayker Muda, Universitas Sriwijaya

Universitas Sriwijaya, College of Agriculture, Indralaya, South Sumatra, Indonesia.

Benyamin Lakitan, Universitas Sriwijaya

Universitas Sriwijaya, College of Agriculture, Indralaya, South Sumatra, Indonesia.

Andi Wijaya, Universitas Sriwijaya

Universitas Sriwijaya, College of Agriculture, Indralaya, South Sumatra, Indonesia.

Susilawati Susilawati, Universitas Sriwijaya

Universitas Sriwijaya, College of Agriculture, Indralaya, South Sumatra, Indonesia.

Zaidan Zaidan, Universitas Sriwijaya

Universitas Sriwijaya, College of Agriculture, Indralaya, South Sumatra, Indonesia.

Yakup Yakup, Universitas Sriwijaya

Universitas Sriwijaya, College of Agriculture, Indralaya, South Sumatra, Indonesia.

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Published

2024-06-12

How to Cite

Muda, S., Lakitan, B., Wijaya, A., Susilawati, S., Zaidan, Z., & Yakup, Y. (2024). GROWTH AND YIELD OF BRAZILIAN SPINACH UNDER DIFFERENT SHADING INTENSITIES AND HARVESTING PERIODS IN A TROPICAL LOWLAND URBAN ECOSYSTEM. REVISTA DE AGRICULTURA NEOTROPICAL, 11(2), e8464. https://doi.org/10.32404/rean.v11i2.8464