Anti-Nostalgia e a Masculinidade Tóxica na obra de Michel Laub e Luiz Ruffato


  • Rex P. Nielson Brigham Young University


masculinidade tóxica, Michel Laub, Luiz Ruffato


This paper examines expressions of male heterosexual identity present in Michel Laub’s O diário da queda and Luiz Ruffato’s Inferno Provisório. Heterosexual masculinity is nearly always oriented towards the past (unlike feminism, which is nearly always oriented towards the future), and Michel Laub and Luiz Ruffato both reveal a keen sensitivity to masculinity’s backward-looking orientation by exploring contemporary masculinity’s toxic manifestations: male violence and aggression, male fears of feeling or expressing emotion, male fears of emasculation, male detachments from committed relationships, etc. In so doing, these authors challenge typical narratives of masculinity that idealize the past. Instead, these authors present past-oriented narratives that are essentially anti-nostalgic. In doing so, both Laub and Ruffato adopt the strategies of feminism in working to turn masculinity’s orientation towards the future.

Biografia do Autor

Rex P. Nielson, Brigham Young University

Rex P. Nielson is an Associate Professor of Spanish and Portuguese in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese at Brigham Young University. He received his Ph.D. in Portuguese and Brazilian Studies at Brown University. Before joining the Spanish and Portuguese Department at BYU, he held appointments at Harvard University and Bryant University. He teaches all levels of Portuguese language as well as a variety of courses on Luso-Afro-Brazilian literature and culture. His research focuses primarily on gender in Brazilian culture, ecocriticism and environmental ethics in Brazil and the global south, and language and literature pedagogy.


Barker, Gary, and Irene Loewenstein. “Where the Boys Are Attitudes Related to Masculinity, Fatherhood, and Violence Toward Women among Low-Income Adolescent and Young Adult Males in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.” Youth & Society 29.2 (1997): 166–196. Web. 30 July 2014.

Easton, Scott. “Masculine norms, disclosure, and childhood adversities predit long-term mental distress among men with histories of child sexual abuse.” Child abuse & neglect vol. 38, 2014, 243–51.

Gardiner, Judith Kegan. Masculinity Studies and Feminist Theory: New Directions. New York City: Columbia University Press, 2002.

Halberstam, Judith. Female Masculinity. Durham: Duke University Press, 1998.

Laub, Michel. Diário da queda. Companhia das Letras: São Paulo, 2011.

Lucas, Fábio. “Aspectos da ficção brasileira contemporânea.” Revista Letras, 1972, 214–31.

Ruffato, Luiz. Inferno provisório. Companhia das Letras: São Paulo, 2016.

Schøllhammer, Karl Erik. Ficção brasileira contemporânea. Civilização Brasileira, Rio de Janeiro, 2009.

Valente, Luiz Fernando. “Machado’s Wounded Males.” Hispania 84.1 (2001): 11–19. JSTOR. Web. 30 July 2014.




Como Citar

Nielson, R. P. (2018). Anti-Nostalgia e a Masculinidade Tóxica na obra de Michel Laub e Luiz Ruffato. REVELL - REVISTA DE ESTUDOS LITERÁRIOS DA UEMS, 2(19), 255–266. Recuperado de