Vitamin application can optimize plant growth and grain yield of rice crop due to its beneficial effect on many plant physiological characteristics. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of niacin and thiamin applied as seed soaking or foliar spray on the morphological and productive characteristics of upland rice crop (Oryza sativa L., cv. Primavera), grown under greenhouse conditions. The experiment was arranged in a randomized block design in a 4 x 2 factorial scheme, with four replicates. The treatments consisted of the application of vitamins (control; 200 mg L-1 thiamin; 200 mg L-1 niacin; and 100 mg L-1 thiamin + 100 mg L-1 niacin) and two application methods (seed soaking and foliar spraying). Morphological and productive characteristics of the rice plants were evaluated. The exogenous application of thiamin and niacin, regardless of the application method, has a beneficial effect on the growth of upland rice plants, but does not increase the grain yield of the crop.


(I) Abdallah, M.M.S., El Habbasha, S.F., El Sebai, T., 2016. Comparison of yeast extract and Nicotinaminde foliar applications effect on quinoa plants grown under sandy soil condition. International Journal of PharmTech Research, 9, 24-32.

(II) Ahn, I.P., Kim, S., Lee, Y.H., 2005. Vitamin B1 functions as an activator of plant disease resistance. Plant Physiology, 138, 1505-1515.

(III) Azhar, S., Khan, S., 2015. Enhancement of growth and yield of mustard (Brassica Juncea L.) var. Varuna by thiamine hydrochloride (Vitamin-B1) application. Journal of Functional and Environmental Botany, 5, 24-30.

(IV) Barakat, H.O.D.A., 2003. Interactive effects of salinity and certain vitamins on gene expression and cell division. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 5, 219-225.

(V) Boubakri, H., Wahab, M.A., Chong, J., Bertsch, C., Mliki, A., Soustre-Gacougnolle, I., 2012. Thiamine induced resistance to Plasmopara viticola in grapevine and elicited host-defense responses, including HR like-cell death. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 57, 120-133.

(VI) Cardoso, M.R.D., Marcuzzo, F.F.N., Barros, J.R., 2014. Classificação climática de Köppen-Geiger para o estado de Goiás e o Distrito Federal. Acta Geográfica, 8, 40-55.

(VII) El-Bassiouny, H.M.S., 2005. Physiological responses of wheat to salinity alleviation by nicotinamide and tryptophan. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 7, 653-659.

(VIII) El-Bassiouny, H.S.M., Bakry, B.A., Attia, A.A.E.M., Allah, M.M.A., 2014. Physiological role of humic acid and nicotinamide on improving plant growth, yield, and mineral nutrient of wheat (Triticum durum) grown under newly reclaimed sandy soil. Agricultural Sciences, 5, 687-700.

(IX) Embrapa - Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, 2009. Manual de análises químicas de solos, plantas e fertilizantes, segunda ed. Embrapa Informação Tecnológica, Brasília.

(X) Embrapa - Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária, 2011. Manual de métodos de análises de solos, segunda ed. Embrapa Solos, Rio de Janeiro.

(XI) FAOSTAT, 2018. Crops. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC (Accessed March 18, 2019).

(XII) Franco, F., Petrini, J.A., Rodo, A., Livira A., Tavares W., 1997. Métodos para superação da dormência em sementes de arroz. Lavoura Arrozeira, 50, 11-15.

(XIII) Franzin, S.M., Menezes, N.L., Garcia, D.C., Tillmann, M.A.A., 2007. Pré-germinação de sementes de arroz de sequeiro. Revista Brasileira de Sementes, 29, 68-75.

(XIV) Goyer, A., 2010. Thiamine in plants: aspects of its metabolism and functions. Phytochemistry, 71, 1615-1624.

(XV) Hassanein, R.A., Bassony, F.M., Barakat, D.M., Khalil, R.R., 2009. Physiological effects of nicotinamide and ascorbic acid on Zea mays plant grown under salinity stress. Changes in growth, some relevant metabolic activities and oxidative defense systems. Research Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 5, 72-81.

(XVI) Hendawy, S.F., Ezz El-Din A.A., 2010. Growth and yield of Foeniculum vulgar var. Azoricum as influensed by some vitamins and amino acids. Ozean Journal Applied Science, 3, 113-123.

(XVII) Kaya, C., Ashraf, M., Sonmez, O., Tuna, A.L., Polat, T., Aydemir, S., 2015. Exogenous application of thiamin promotes growth and antioxidative defense system at initial phases of development in salt-stressed plants of two maize cultivars differing in salinity tolerance. Acta physiologiae plantarum, 37, 1741.

(XVIII) Oliveira Neto, A.A., 2015. A cultura do arroz. http://www.conab.gov.br (Accessed May 23, 2017).

(XIX) Santos, H.G., Jacomine, P.K.T., Anjos, L.H.C., Oliveira, V.Á., Lumbreras, J.F., Coelho, M.R., Almeida, J.A., Cunha, T.J.F., Oliveira, J.B., 2013. Sistema Brasileiro de Classificação de Solos, terceira ed. Embrapa, Brasília.

(XX) Soares, A.A., Oliveira Cornelio, V.M., Soares, P.C., Santos, P.G., Reis, M.S., 2001. Primavera: cultivar de arroz com grãos agulhinha para cultivo em terras altas. Revista Ceres, 48, 381-388.

(XXI) Soltani, Y., Saffari, V.R., Maghsoudi Moud, A.A., 2014. Response of growth, flowering and some biochemical constituents of Calendula officinalis L. to foliar application of salicylic acid, ascorbic acid and thiamine. Ethno-Pharmaceutical Products, 1, 37-44.

(XXII) Taiz, L., Zeiger, E., Moller, I.M., Murphy, A., 2017. Plant Physiology and Development, sixth ed. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland.

(XXIII) Vendruscolo, E.P., Oliveira, P.R., Seleguini, A., 2017. Aplicação de niacina ou tiamina promovem incremento no desenvolvimento de mostarda. Cultura Agronômica, 26, 433-442.

(XXIV) Vendruscolo, E.P., Rodrigues, A.H.A., Martins, A.P.B., Campos, L.F.C., Seleguini, A., 2018. Tratamento de sementes com niacina ou tiamina promove o desenvolvimento e a produtividade do feijoeiro. Journal of Agroveterinary Sciences, 17, 83-90.




How to Cite

Vendruscolo, E. P., Rodrigues, A. H. A., Oliveira, P. R., Leitão, R. A., Campos, L. F. C., Seleguini, A., & de Lima, S. F. (2019). EXOGENOUS APPLICATION OF VITAMINS IN UPLAND RICE. REVISTA DE AGRICULTURA NEOTROPICAL, 6(2), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.32404/rean.v6i2.3241

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>