SINGLE-HEAD BROCCOLI PRODUCTION UNDER DIFFERENT SPACING AND CONDITIONS OF BAIXADA FLUMINENSE

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32404/rean.v9i3.6908

Keywords:

Brassica oleracea var. italica, Brassicaceae, population density

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate different spacings between rows on the development and yield of single-head broccoli under the soil and climate conditions of Seropédica, in the Baixada Fluminense region, the State of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Tests were carried out under field conditions using the Avenger hybrid. The experimental design adopted was randomized blocks with four treatments and four replications per treatment. Four spacings between rows were tested: 0.6 m, 0.7 m, 0.8 m, and 1.0 m. The spacing between plants in the rows was 0.6 m in all treatments. The number of leaves (NL), plant height (PHT), fresh leaf mass (FLM), stem fresh mass (SFM), inflorescence fresh mass (IFM), inflorescence longitudinal diameter (ILD), and estimated yield (YLD) were evaluated. Data were submitted to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and regression analysis (p<0.05). Spacing variations did not influence PHT and SFM. There was a linear increase in NL and FLM according to the increase in the spacing between rows. A quadratic effect of spacing was observed on ILD, IFM, and YLD. The spacing between the rows of 0.85 m ensured greater yield (6.97 Mg ha-1) and the production of inflorescences with characteristics compatible with those required by the consumer market (ILD = 9.83 cm; MFI = 347.15 g). It is concluded that the production of single-head broccoli under the conditions of Seropédica-RJ is possible, and the population density influences the development and yield of plants.

Author Biographies

Taísa Gonçalves Macedo, Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Campus Seropédica, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Carlos Antônio dos Santos, Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Campus Seropédica, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Antônio de Amorim Brandão, Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Campus Seropédica, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Evandro Silva Pereira Costa, Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Campus Seropédica, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Margarida Goréte Ferreira do Carmo, Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Campus Seropédica, Seropédica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

References

(I) Bhering, A.S., Carmo, M.G.F., Matos, T.S., Lima, E.S.A., Amaral Sobrinho, N.M.B.A. 2017. Soil factors related to the severity of Clubroot in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Plant Disease, 11(8), 1345-1353. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-07-16-1024-SR

(II) Cecílio Filho, A.B., Schiavon Júnior, A.A., Cortez, J.W.M. 2012. Produtividade e classificação de brócolos para indústria em função da adubação nitrogenada e potássica e dos espaçamentos entre plantas. Horticultura Brasileira, 30(1), 12-17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362012000100003

(III) Ferreira, D.F. 2011. Sisvar: a computer statistical analysis system. Ciência e Agrotecnologia, 35(6), 1039- 1042. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-70542011000600001

(IV) Filgueira, F.A.R. 2008. Novo manual de olericultura: agrotecnologia moderna na produção e comercialização de hortaliças. Editora UFV, Viçosa.

(V) Fiorini, C.V.A., Fernandes, M.D.C.A., Duarte, F.E.V.O., Dias, A., Salmi, A.P. 2016. Cultivares de alface sob manejo orgânico no inverno e na primavera na Baixada Fluminense. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias, 11(4), 335-342. https://bityli.com/MMIeZ (accessed March 10, 2022).

(VI) Goulart, R.G.T., Santos, C.A., Oliveira, C.M., Costa, E.S.P., Oliveira, F.A., Andrade, N.F., Carmo, M.G.F. 2018. Desempenho agronômico de cultivares de alface sob adubação orgânica em Seropédica, RJ. Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável, 8(3), 66-72. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21206/rbas.v8i3.3011

(VII) INMET. INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE METEOROLOGIA. 2018. Estações automáticas – Seropédica Ecologia Agrícola. www.inmet.gov.br/portal/index.php?r=estaçoes/estaçoesAutomaticas (accessed September 14, 2018).

(VIII) Kumar, A., Choudhar, A.K., Rahi, S. 2014. Scientific cultivation of broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica), in: Choudhary, A.K., Rana, K.S., Dass, A., Srivastav, M, Advances in vegetable agronomy. IARI, New Delhi, p. 87-91. https://bityli.com/ijsIl (accessed March 10, 2022).

(IX) Lima, J.O., Santos, C.A., Carmo, M.G.F. 2018. Manejo detalhado da produção de brócolis americano. Revista Campo e Negócios, 161(11), 9-11. https://bityli.com/fCOiw (accessed March 10, 2022).

(X) Melo, R.A.C. 2015. A cultura dos brócolis. Embrapa, Brasília. https://ainfo.cnptia.embrapa.br/digital/bitstream/item/142779/1/PLANTAR-Brocolis-ed-01-2015.pdf (accessed March 10, 2022).

(XI) Melo, R.A.C., Jorge, M.H.A, Madeira, M.R. 2022. Semeadura, produção de mudas e transplantio, in: Nick, C., Borém, A. Brássicas do plantio à colheita. Editora UFV, Viçosa, p. 102-120.

(XII) Oliveira, F.A., Santos, C.A., Costa, E.S.P., Goulart, R.G.T., Andrade, N.F., Diniz, C.S. 2018. Desempenho de híbridos de couve-flor nas condições da baixada fluminense-RJ. Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável, 8(1), 30-36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21206/rbas.v8i1.470

(XIII) Pôrto, D.R.Q., Cecílio Filho, A.B., Rezende, B.L.A., Barros Júnior, A.P., Silva, G.S. 2012. Densidade populacional e época de plantio no crescimento e produtividade da couve-flor cv. Verona 284. Revista Caatinga, 25(2), 92-98. https://periodicos.ufersa.edu.br/index.php/caatinga/article/view/2270 (accessed March 10, 2022).

(XIV) Seabra Junior, S., Neves, J.F., Dias, L.D., Silva, L.B., Nodari, I.D. 2014. Produção de cultivares de brócolis de inflorescência única em condições de altas temperaturas. Horticultura Brasileira, 32(4), 497-503. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-053620140000400021

(XV) Santos, C.A.; Carmo, M.G.F., Ribeiro, J.C. 2020a. Brócolis: dobra produção em duas décadas. Anuário HF, 9(1), 36-38. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/353247493_Brocolis_producao_dobra_em_duas_decadas (accessed March 10, 2022).

(XVI) Santos, A.R.M.D., Kano, C., Chaves, F.C.M., Cunha, A.L.B., Gentil, D.F.O., Costa Júnior, A.B.C. 2020b. Inflorescence production of broccoli cultivars in the hot and humid climate of central Amazonia. Revista caatinga, 33(1), 54-61. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-21252020v33n106rc

(XVII) Santos, C.A., Amaral Sobrinho, N.M.B., Gonçalves, R.G.M., Costa, T.G.A., Carmo, M.G.F. 2021. Toxic metals in broccoli by combined use of acidity correctives and poultry litter under mountain tropical conditions. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 80(3), 507-518. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-021-00817-3

(XVIII) Turbin, V.A., Sokolov, A.S., Kosterna, E., Rorsa, R. 2014. Effect of plant density on the growth, development and yield of brussels sprouts (Brassica oleracea L. var. gemmifera L.). Acta Agrobotanica, 67(4), 51-58. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5586/aa.2014.049

(XIX) Xavier, M.C.G., Santos, C.A., Costa, E.S.P., Carmo, M.G.F. 2019. Produtividade de repolho em função de doses de bokashi. Revista de Agricultura Neotropical, 6(1), 17-22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32404/rean.v6i1.2372

Downloads

Published

09/09/2022

How to Cite

Macedo, T. G. ., dos Santos, C. A., Brandão, A. de A., Silva Pereira Costa, E. ., & Goréte Ferreira do Carmo, M. (2022). SINGLE-HEAD BROCCOLI PRODUCTION UNDER DIFFERENT SPACING AND CONDITIONS OF BAIXADA FLUMINENSE. REVISTA DE AGRICULTURA NEOTROPICAL, 9(3), e6908. https://doi.org/10.32404/rean.v9i3.6908

Most read articles by the same author(s)