INCIDENCE OF STORAGE FUNGI ACCORDING TO TOPDRESSING NITROGEN AND MAIZE VARIETIES

Visualizações: 87

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32404/rean.v11i1.8207

Keywords:

Aspergillus flavus,, Penicillium spp., Fusarium spp., Grain quality, Zea mays L.

Abstract

Maize is the main cereal grown in Brazil and is used mainly for animal feed and food consumption of its derivates. Under favorable environmental conditions, toxigenic fungi such as Fusarium, Aspergillus, and Penicillium spp. could produce mycotoxins in maize grain during plant growth or storage. This study aimed to evaluate the incidence of toxigenic fungi and its relationship with the grain weight of maize varieties grown under high and low topdressing nitrogen. The first factor consisted of 11 open-pollinated varieties, and the second factor of two topdressing nitrogen rates (60 and 180 kg ha-1). After harvesting the experimental units, the following variables were evaluated: 100-grain weight (HGW) and incidence of A. flavus, Penicillium spp., and Fusarium spp. There were differences (p<0.05) among maize varieties for all evaluated variables. There was a significant interaction between varieties and nitrogen for the percentage of seeds infected by A. flavus, Fusarium spp., and HGW. The incidence of fungi and HGW of maize depends on the variety and the topdressing nitrogen used.

Author Biographies

Tays Batista da Silva, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul

Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campus of Chapadão do Sul, Chapadão do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

Paulo Carteri Coradi, Federal University of Santa Maria

Federal University of Santa Maria, Campus Cachoeira do Sul, Cachoeira do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Marcela Silva Flores, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul

Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul,  Campus of Chapadão do Sul, Chapadão do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

Maria Luiza Nunes Costa, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul

Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campus of Chapadão do Sul,  Chapadão do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sil, Brazil.

Mariana Vale dos Santos, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul

Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campus of Chapadão do Sul, Chapadão do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

Bruno Fernando Bertequine, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul

Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campus of Chapadão do Sul, Chapadão do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

Larissa Pereira Ribeiro Teodoro, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul

Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campus of Chapadão do Sul, Chapadão do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.

Paulo Eduardo Teodoro, Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul

Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Campus of Chapadão do Sul, Chapadão do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sul,  Brazil.

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Published

2024-01-25

How to Cite

Silva, T. B. da, Coradi, P. C., Flores, M. S., Costa, M. L. N., Santos, M. V. dos, Bertequine, B. F., … Teodoro, P. E. (2024). INCIDENCE OF STORAGE FUNGI ACCORDING TO TOPDRESSING NITROGEN AND MAIZE VARIETIES. REVISTA DE AGRICULTURA NEOTROPICAL, 11(1), e8207. https://doi.org/10.32404/rean.v11i1.8207

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